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Major Tourist Attractions in Assam: Guwahati, Jorhat, Dibrugarh, Digboi etc.
Speak of a land of wooded hills and vales with a wide river meandering through, of sprawling tea gardens, of enticing songs and dances, of fine silks, and you are already able to hazard a good enough guess.
Add to that, the one-horned rhinoceros, the oldest refinery in India, a people made all the more colourful by a sizeable population of tribals and one of the most venerated Sakti temples in the Country , and you know it is Assam --- the land of the Red River, the Brahmaputra, and the Blue Hills flanking it.
Famed inhabitant of the Kaziranga National Park: The one-horned rhinoceros.
For Assam is identified no better than by its Bihu songs and dances, the Kaziranga Wild Life Sanctuary where the rare one-horned rhinoceros roams at will, silks such as paat and muga which rank amongst the finest in the world, the State's tea which finds its way to millions of homes all over the globe, and the Shrine of Kamakhya which draws thousands of devotees every year.
Popular Festivals of Assam are as follows - Bihu Festival, Tea Festival, Jonbeel Mela, Dosa Thoi Long Nai, Ali-Ali Ligang etc.
Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga National Park lies on the south bank of the Brahamaputra and its boundary for the most part follows the Mora Diphlu river and runs parallel to National Highway No. 37. It covers an area of 688 sq. kilometres. The Park was first established in 1908, as a reserve forest with only abouta dozen rhinos and was declared a National Park in 1974.
Kaziranga is famous for the great One-Horned Rhinos. Tigers which are natural enemies of rhinos are also there in sizable numbers in this area. Other attractions of this national park include the wild buffalo, magnificent swamp deer, hog deer, wild boar, Hoolok gibbon, capped langur and ratel (badger). A wide variety of snakes including the rock python and the monitor lizardars also found here.
Amongst the birds, the crested serpent eagle is common while palla's fishing eagle and gray headed fishing eagle are frequently seen. Others include the Bengal floricab, bar-headed goose, whistling teal and pelican. Mihimukh is the starting area for the park and elephants can be hired from here to enter the sanctuary.
Manas National Park
Manas is situated in Assam spread over an area of 391 sq km, earlier it was known as North Kamrup, declared as a sanctuary on December 01, 1928. It was accorded the status of World Heritage Site in 1985. Manas houses 19 of India's most endangered animal populations. It has the largest population of tigers among Indian reserves. It is a home to the rare golden langur.
The prominent fauna here are the rhino, wild buffalos, elephants, gaur, swamp deer, capped langur and clouded leopard. . The main highlight of the park is the giant hornbill, two subspecies of which, the pied and grey varieties are to be found here.It extends into the foothills of Bhutan where it is called the Royal Manas National Park. Its wetlands are of international importance and essential for the survival of the fast-vanishing hispid hare and pygmy hog. November to March.Golden Langur, rhino, wild buffalos, elephants, gaur, swamp deer, capped langur and clouded leopard, giant hornbill. Guwahati is the nearest airport, which is 176 kms away. If people wish to come through train then the nearest railhead or town is Barpeta Road, which is 41 kms away and after reaching the park even the facilities within the park are riding elephants and boats on the rivers available for transport.
Located in Lakhimpur Dist., Pabha Sanctuary spreads in an area of 49 sq. kms. This Sanctuary was created to protect the wild water buffalo.