Major Tourist Attractions in Jharkhand: Deoghar (Baidyanath Dham), Netarhat, Dhanbad, Ranchi (Dasam Falls) etc.
The Indian Parliament passed the Bihar Re-organization Bill on 2nd August 2000, to create the state of Jharkhand. The genesis of the demand can be traced toearly 1900s when Jaipal Singh, the Oxford educated hockey captain of 1928 olympics, mooted the idea of a separate state consisting of the southern district of Bihar.
Jharkhand - The state comprises of twenty-two districts of the erstwhile Bihar. With an area of 74,677 Sq km, the new state will be bordered by Bihar, Chattisgarh, Orissa, and West Bengal to its north, west, south and east respectively. 35% of the population of former Bihar is in the jharkhand region. With its huge reserves of forests and natural resources, things can only look up in this predominantly poverty ridden region.
Betla National Park: Palamu shot to fame as early as 1932 for its tiger census - the first of its kind in the world. In 1974 it became one of the countrys earliest tiger reserves. Endowed with thick tropical forests and a rich variety of fauna, the core area of the sanctuary has been declared as Betla National park (232 sq. kms.)
This park is a great attraction to tourists. The Park, at an average elevation of 1,000 ft. is open throughout the year although February to April are the best months. It is 140 kms from Ranchi.
Large herds of Gaur and Chital are commonly seen. Elephants are present mostly after the monsoons up to the time when water holes begin to dry up in March. Tiger, Panther, Sloth Bear, Wild Bear, Sambhar, Nilgai, Kakar, Mouse Deer are also permanent residents. Large families of langurs are an ever present attraction. Palamu is now one of the nine Tiger Reserves in India under Project Tiger.
It has waterfalls and hot springs too. Once the seat of Cherokings,it has many historical monuments and a fort of 16th century inside the forest. The other rivers which which drain Palamu are Koel and Burha which eventually empties into the famous Sone river. The forest department has made arrangements for providing jeeps for viewing the wildlife here. Betla is easily accessible by road. It is 25 kms from Daltonganj and 140 kms from Ranchi. The nearest airport is Ranchi.
Hazaribagh Wildlife Santuary Nestled in low hilly terrain, at an average altitude of 1800ft. Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary stretches over 184 sq. kms. of plains, undulating country, steep hills and deep nullahs with tropical forests and grass meadows.
Palamu Tiger Reserve Spread over an area of approximately 1026 sq. km., Palamau Tiger Reserve is located within the civil administrative district of Palamau in the South Chhotanagpur plateau of Bihar. The undulating terrain is set off by sal forests and thickets of bamboo. The circuitous Koel River and its tributaries meander through the park.
Palamau has the distinction of being the forest where the world's first tiger census was conducted by way of pugmarks, in 1934. Large herds of Gaur & Chital are commonly seen. Elephants are present mostly after the monsoon upto the time when the water holes begin to dry up in March. Tiger, Panther, Sloth Bear, Wild Bear, Sambar, Nilgai, Deer are also permanent residents