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Land and People

India or Republic of India as it is officially called is in Asia continent. India is 7th largest


country in the world in terms of area and 2nd largest country in entire globe in terms of


population. There are two sea and one ocean which lie to south part of the country. It is


bounded by Indian Ocean on the south, there is Arabian Sea which lies on South West and


Bay of Bengal on the South East side. In the north, the country shares its land border with


Pakistan to the west; China, Bhutan and Nepal to the north-east; and Myanmar &


Bangladesh to the east. Andaman and Nicobar Islands in South East share a maritime


border with Thailand and Indonesia.


India is a complex composition of ethnic mix. It is land of one of ancient civilizations in the


world. One of the popular but not confirmed theories is that India is a land of two races – the


fair skinned Aryans and the darker-skinned Dravidians. It is also believed by many that the


Dravidians were the original inhabitants of this land who were later conquered and


dominated by Aryans. There are also many theories about origin of Aryans. India is a land


with a kaleidoscopic variety and very rich cultural heritage. It has been able to achieve


comprehensive socio-economic development during the last 65 years of its Independence.