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The ancient history of Tipperah or Tripura is shrouded with mystery. We come to learn from Rajamal that more than 150 tribal kings ruled Tripura since the legendary period and King Ratnapha got the title "Manikya" from the Lord of Gauda. But recent readings of Tripura Coins have proved that Ratna had his two predecessors MahaManikya and Dharma Manikya. Hence it is perhaps reasonable to conclude that with Mahamanikya, the historical period of the "Manikya" Dynasty started, which continued till 1949. The history of the rulers of Tripura in medieval period is the story of continual fights, particularly with the Sultans of Bengal.
During the British period, some English officials were eager to occupy Tripura, but it was opposed by others. However, the office of the British Political Agent of Tripura was created in 1871. After the death of Birbikram Kishore Manikya in May 1947, a Council of Regency under the leadership of his widowed wife Maharani Kanchanprava Devi took over the charge of the administration on behalf of the minor prince.
The Regent's rule came to an end on September 9, 1947, when due to popular pressure, the agreement of Merger of Tripura with the Indian Union was signed by the Maharani on 15th October 1949. Finally, Tripura became a full-fledged State in January 1972.
The original inhabitants of the land, i.e. the hill people were noted for their tolerance and passive obedience. It is only in the 19th century that they started protesting against the oppressive Feudal System.
Major Tourist Attractions in Tripura: Bhavanneswari Temple, Jampui Hill, NeerMahal, Rudrasagar Lake, Tripurasundari Temple, Ujjayanta Palace etc.
Tripura accded to the Indian Union in 1949. This anicient land of mysterious past is located in the north Eastern region of India between 22.56 and 24''.32' North latitude and 92"09' and 92"20' east longitude and is bounded on the north west south and south east by the international boundary of Bangladesh.
In the east it has a common boundary with Assam abdMizoraam. 60% of the total area eco-friendly envirnoment and pleasant weather of this panaromic tiny state with an area of about 10,500 sq. kms. is inhabited largely by 19 tribes, Bengali, Manipuri and other communities.
Tripura Capital - Agartala
Agartala, the state capital, is connected by road with Guwahati via Shillong by National Highway No. 44. It takes about 24 hrs. by road from Guwahati to reach Agartala.
There are flight connections with Calcutta and Guwahati. Ujjayanta Palace is a modern building of the royal house of Tripura and is located in the heart of Agartala, sprawling over a half sq.kms. This two storeyed mansion has a mixed architecture with three high domes (the centre one being 86' high). The magnificiant tiled floor, carved wooden ceiling and beautifully carfted doors are particularly noteable. The palace was built by Radha Kishore Manikya in 1990. Its well laid out gardens have two large tanks on either side of and the fountains are laid out in the patterns of the Mughal gardens. The palace is floodlit at night.
Fairs and Festivals, Tripura
Of the many festivals which are celebrated in Tripura, the worship of fourteen Gods popularly known as "Kharchi Puja" occupies a place of pride. This is celebrated with great enthusiasm in the month of July every year. The first day of this week long festival is declared a holiday by the Government. Ker and Garia Puja- these two traditional tribal festivals, need special mention. Ker Puja starts generally fifteen days after Kharchi Puja. It is said that this puja is performed for the welfare of the state and its people. The puja is performed within a specific boundary & during the puja nobody is allowed to enter or come out of this specified boundary. The Garia Puja is performed on the sevventh day of the month of Baisakh (April). When the Puja is over, the devotees, men and women take to dancing.
Another remarkable tribal festival is Ganga Puja. This puja is held in March-April. About 4 to 5 Villages join together to perform this puja. To perform the puja they build a temple of bamboo just on the middle of the river. They sacrifice goats, buffaloes and ganders and pray to God to save them from epidemic disease. Durga Puja in the month of October is one of the most popular festivals of Tripura. Next comes Diwali, on the occasion of which each year a big fair is held near Matabari in the temple of Tripura Sundari at Udaipur. "Ashokastami fair" is held at Unakoti Tirtha at Kalishahar every year in the spring. Thousands of pilgrims assemblle here to offer prayers to the images of Goddesses engraved on the hilly rocks which are found here.