History Bengal finds a coveted place even in pre-historic times. At the time of Alexander's invasion a powerful king called Gangaridai ruled over Bengal Ascendancy of the Guptas and the Mauryas had little effect on Bengal. Later Sasanka became King of Bengal and is said to have played an important role in north-eastern India in the early half of the seventh century. He was succeed by Gopala, who founded the Plaa dynasty which ruled for centuries and had created a huge empire. The Pllas were followed by the Sena dynasty which was ended by Muslim rulers from Delhi. Various Muslim rulers and governors till the Mugahal period in 16th century ruled Bengal.
After the Mugahls, history of modern Bengal begins with the advent of European and English trading companies. the Battle of Plassey in 1775 changed the course of history when the English first gained a strong foothold in Bengal and India. In 1905 it was partitioned to achieve some political returns but people's growing movement under the auspices of the congress Party led to the reunion in 1911. This triggered of the hectic movement for freedom which culminated with Independence in 1947 and partition. After 1947, the merger of native settlement began which ended with its final reorganization in 1956 when some Bengali speaking areas of a neighbouring state were transferred to west Bengal.
Major Tourist Attractions in West Bengal: Darjeeling, Kalimpong, Kolkata, Kurseong, Mirik, Silliguri etc.
West Bengal, the gateway to the exotic east - is a land of passion and poetry, natural beauty and strong people, marked by a humane element, evident in every facet of their life.
Bengal has a long history that dates back, before the Aryan invasions of India. Known as 'Gauda' or 'Vanga' in ancient Sanskrit literature, Bengal had a well settled civilisation and culture, at the time of the Aryan penetration. An integral part of succesive empires of the Mauryas and Guptas, Bengal also had its own dynasty of independent rulers, the Palas, who extended the existing boundaries, considerably. The Senas and the Muslim Sultanate who occupied Bengal, shaped the distinct identity of Bengal.
This fascinating land of the Hooghly, has a lot to offer to avid travellers. Calcutta, a unique city with its intriguing environs; Digha, the land of sand and sea; Vishnupur, an architectural treasure house; Shantiniketan, Tagore's abode of peace; the lost empire of Murshidabad; Malda-GourandPandua, relics of the Muslim rule; Darjeeling-a magnificent hill resort; the wildlife sanctuary at Doars, and the marshy mangrove jungles of Sunderbans, home to the Royal Bengal Tiger, are some of the major attractions of this fascinating state.
Wildlife, West Bengal
Jaldapara Wildlife Santuary JaldaparaWild Life Sanctuary is situated in Alipurduar Sub-Division of Jalpaiguri district in West Bengal. It is about 124 km from Siliguri. It was constituted in the year of 1941 for the protection of wild life, particularly single horned Rhinos.
River Torsha runs through this forest sanctuary. The forest is mainly savannah covered with tall elephant grasses. In addition to the famous single horned rhinos, the wild life also consists of Royal Bengal Tigers, wild elephants, sambhar, wild pigs, swamp deers, hog deers, deers, bisons and a number of birds, pea-fowl etc. Elephant ride is also arranged for viewing of wild life preferably at dawn.
Sunderban National Park Ocated in the Ganga delta in West Bengal, spanning the Hooghly in the west and Teulia river in the east, Sunderbans was declared a National Park in 1984. The park covers a vast stretch of mangrove swamp, lush forested islands and small rivers near the Bay of Bengal. Most of the region comprises estuarine mangrove forests and swamps which supports an ecosystem specially adapted to great salinity.
Sunderbans is home to the magnificent Royal Bengal tiger, the park holding more tigers than any other tiger reserve. More than 400 tigers were recorded during the mid-1980s. Project tiger has also launched a programme to protect the Olive Ridley sea turtles. Crocodiles and the gangetic dolphin are to be found aplenty in the Raimgangal river. The Sajnakhali sanctuary, famous for its rich avian population, is regarded as a part of the Sunderbans National Park.
Museums, West Bengal
Indian Museum, Central Museum, Victoria Memorial Museum, Agri-Horticultural Society of India, BangiyaSahita Parishad Chitrasala, Birla Academy Of Art And Culture Museum, Birla Industrial And Technological Museum, Crafts Museum, Ethnographic Museum, Government Industrial And Commercial Museum, Industrial Safety, Health And Welfare Museum, Institute Of Port Management Museum, Jute Museum, Jute Technological Research Laboratories, I. C. A. R., Municipal Museum, Nehru Children's Museum, Rabindra Bharati Museum, etc.
How to reach West Bengal?
By Air - Calcutta, the capital of West Bengal, is connected with Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Patna, Ahmedabad, Bangalore and other important cities. Calcutta also has a busy international airport.
By Rail - Calcutta is connected with all major cities.
By Road - Calcutta is connected by road with Delhi (1495 km), Mumbai (2060 km), Chennai (1734 km), Varanasi (676 km), Puri (555 km), Guwahati (1164 km) and Darjeeling (731 km).